The Basic Principles Of growing black pepper

The Basic Principles Of growing black pepper

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It's a common misunderstanding that Jalapeno plants and other peppers are yearly, which means they only grow for one year. The fact is that chili plants can endure for 5, ten or even fifteen years, offered you take care of them when winter season approaches. This indicates you do not need to throw away your old plants and start new pepper seeds each year. When you perform specific precautions and understand how to support your chillies as they go into hibernation, you successfully "winterize", or "overwinter", pepper plants to ensure they keep producing great deals of chillies throughout the next growing season.

When to Overwinter Peppers
Peppers do not have a tolerance for frost, and they can suffer when they are frequently exposed to temperature levels under 50 degrees Fahrenheit. The first thing you should do is figure out when the cold weather is coming to your area. Examine weather forecast to learn when temperature levels are going to dip listed below 50 degrees for more than a couple of days, or buy a farmer's almanac to get historical weather information for your area.

Carry Out the Winterizing Process
Ideally, you wish to move your chili plants inside throughout the chillier months. This safeguards peppers from frost and keeps them safe from outdoor elements, such as rain and snow, that can eliminate the plant. Before you bring the chillies inside, you want to make sure you don't take in any bugs as well.

First, use a pair of clean shears to cut off all of the leaves and any immature peppers until bare. This allows your chile plants to save their precious energy for next spring. If pepper buds form during the winter months, pinch them off.

Next, change out the soil in your pepper pots to replenish the mix and get rid of any insects in the soil. If your Jalapenos are in the ground, carefully dig them up and plant them in large 5-gallon pots. Water each pot well.

Continue to debug each plant before you place them indoors. Spray an insecticidal soap over all parts of each plant, including the top of the soil, until each part is drenched. After five minutes, spray your chile plants with water to wash them off. Move your pots to an isolated area, such as a patio, and check on your plants the next day to make sure you don't see any bugs. If you do see them, repeat the insecticidal soap process. After a couple of days of no bug activity, you can bring your plants indoors.

Where to Keep Your Indoor Peppers
Winterized chile plants like a temperature range of 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit and they require a light source to survive during the winter. Garages, basements and spare rooms are an ideal location for your plants. Keep in mind that bugs can still appear, so put your chillies in a spot that is the least intrusive to your home. If the room does not have a bright window, you can position grow lights or fluorescent bulbs above the plants.

Watering and Fertilizing Your Winterized Chillies
Your hibernating pepper plants don't need as much water as when they are actively growing in the outdoors. You can hydrate your plants once a month or when the soil mix dries out. Fertilizer is not necessary during this time, but if you choose to feed your plants, use 1/2 the dose you normally use when your plants are outside.

Dealing with Insects on Indoor Plants
Bugs, such as aphids, can sometimes show up on your indoor chillies, despite all of the precautions you've taken. If they make an appearance, place your pepper pots in a shower and let the water run over them for a few minutes. This should here dislodge them and wash them away. If the insects keep appearing, release ladybugs on your plants.

Placing Pepper Plants Back Outside
When temperatures consistently go back up to 50 degrees Fahrenheit, you can move them outside again. This is generally during the months of March or April, but check the weather reports for your area to be sure.

Once your chili plants are outdoors again, they will grow back their leaves and develop new flowers.

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